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Location : Home > Chinese Cities > Nanjing > City in a Glance --- Capital of Jiangsu
Nanjing

   

Nanjing, literally means the south capital, lies in the southwest part of Jiangsu Province, south of the Yangtze River. It is also known as Jinling (Golden Mausoleum). It is the capital of the province and center of culture and communications around the area. It is regarded as one of the most famous cities in the southern part of China and attracts millions of tourists for its splendid history and beautiful scenery.scenic beauty. It's embraced by mountains on three sides and the natural moat – Yangtze River on the north. The Mountain Stone on the west looks like a coiling dragon, while the Mountain Zhong on the east looks like a crouching tiger.

Since its terrain is a ground which is difficult to access by enemies, Nanjing is was regarded as an important city by rulers in the past ages. Therefore, it had been chosen as capitals for more than 10 dynasties in Chinese history. The city is known all over the world as one of the four most ancient cities in China. (Other ancient cities are Xi'an, Beijing and Luoyang.)

Nanjing has had spanned a history of more than 2,500 years. During the Three Kingdoms Period, it became the capital of East Wu (one kingdom of the three). Later, it served as the capital of East Jin Dynasty (317 – 420AD), Southern Dynasties(420-589), which included the Song, Qi, Liang and Chen Dynasties. After the Tang Dynasty (618-901AD), Nanjing was the capitals of the Southern Tang Dynasty, Ming Dynasty (1366-1644AD), and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. The name of the city was changed with the changes changing of dynasties. In the East Wu Dynasty, it was called Jianye and in the East Jin Dynasty and Southern Dynasties it was called Jiankang. Later it was named as Jiangning Fu, Yingtiom Fu and Tiomjin. etc. The name of Nanjing was first seen appeared in the history historical records of the Ming Dynasty. In 1420, the emperor of the Ming Dynasty moved the capital to Beijing (literally means the north capital) for military purposes. From 1927 to 1949, it served as the capital for Guomindang under Chiang Kai-shek.

The present city covers an area of 6,516 sq.km, including 857.21 sq.km of the city proper. It has the jurisdiction over 10 districts and 5 counties. The annual temperature averages 15.3℃ in summer, and the highest temperature can reach as high as 40℃, so it gets the title of "the blazing furnace" with two other two cities? Wuhan and Chongqing. In January, its annual overage average temperature is 2.4℃. During the middle ten days ofMid June, brings there are intermittent drizzles. , Therefore,making the best season to visit this city is either in spring or autumn.