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Fuzhou

Fuzhou, the Capital of Fujian Province, lies in the lower reaches of Minjiang River, in the eastern part of Fujian. Rong is another name for it, for many banyans have sprung up all over the area since 900 odd years before. Due to the fact that many high quality hot water springs are found scattered over the city, Fuzhou is also called "A City of Warm Springs". Covering an area of 11,968 sq. km, Fuzhou is the political, economic and cultural center of Fujian Province with a population of over 500 million. Fuzhou has jurisdiction over 5 districts and 8 counties: Gulou, Taijiang, Cangshan, Mawei and Jin'an districts;Minhou, Lianjiang, Changle, Luoyuan, Pingtan, Minqing and Yongtai counties. It has a subtropical monsoon climate. The annual temperature averages about 19 ?(insertion?). January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 10.5?(insertion?), with July being the hottest with an average temperature 28.6c. The annual rainfall averages 1342.5 mm. The best time for travel is from April to November.

Fuzhou has a long history. As early as the Spring and Autumn Period, the offspring of Gou Jian who was the emperor of Yue Dynasty, had made Fuzhou the capital. In the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Tang Xuan Zong set up the government office of commander-in-chief here and named it Fuzhouwhich it was called from that time on. The emperors of late Song and late Ming Dynasties came to the throne in Fuzhou and made it a provisional capital. At the beginning of the first century, Fuzhou had instituted maritime traffic with Southeast Asia. In the Ming Dynasty, the tax revenue organ(?) was moved to Fuzhou and received foreign special envoys on behalf of the royal or imperial government. In the Qing Dynasty, Mawei Harbor became the largest shipbuilding and naval base in ancient China as well as the cradle of qualified scientists and technicians.

Fuzhou is one of the 14 coastal port cities opening to the outside world. Mawei Harbor has opened as an economic and technological development zone. Fuzhou and Naha have become sister cities.

Fuzhou is rich in tourism resources. In the districts, the well-known mountains include Gushan Mountain, Yushan Mountain, Wushan Mountain and Pingshan Mountain. Famous parks consist of West Lake, Zuohai Park, Forest Park. Yongquang Temple and Xichan Temple are also celebrated. Lin Zexu's (the hero in Opium War) Tomb and the Great Hall of Hualin Temple are major historical and cultural sites under state protection. Other scenic spots and historical site are scattered throughout its jurisdiction including Eighteen Bends Stream, a square and broad heavenly abode.